A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that interferes with normal brain function. Medically, a concussion is a complex, pathophysiological event to the brain that is induced by trauma.
These are some common signs and symptoms that are indicative of a probable concussion. Other causes for symptoms should also be considered.
- Signs (observed by others)
- Athlete appears dazed or stunned
- Confusion (about assignment, plays, etc.)
- Forgets plays
- Unsure about game, score, opponent
- Moves clumsily (altered coordination)
- Balance problems
- Personality change
- Responds slowly to questions
- Forgets events before or after hit
- Loss of conscious (any duration)
- Symptoms (reported by athlete)
- Nausea or vomiting
- Double vision, blurry vision
- Sensitive to light or noise
- Feels sluggish
- Feels “foggy”
- Problems concentrating or remembering
General cognitive status can be determined by simple sideline cognitive testing.
- Cognitive impairment (altered or diminished cognitive function)
- Athletic trainers- Utilize the Scat5 (Sports Concussion Assessment Tool), BESS (Balance Error Scoring System), or sideline ImPACT.
- Coaches- Contact your athletic trainer.
- Neuropsychological testing is utilized to help determine recovery after concussion.
- All athletes participating in LA Fire events are recommended to have a baseline ImPACT test on file.
- All athletes are recommended to view a video presentation entitled “Heads Up: Concussion in High School Sports” prior to taking the baseline test.
- Athletes in collision and contact sports (as defined by the American Academy of Pediatrics classifications) are required to take a “new” baseline test prior to participation every two (2) years.